Mineralogy of Zeolites
Zeolites are a group of naturally occurring aluminosilicate minerals. There are some 46 different Zeolites and only four of them have the absorption characteristics that render them of commercial value. In order, these are Clinoptilolite, Mordenite, Chabazite and Phillipsite with ours containing the best of these two being 85% Clinoptilolite and 15% Mordenite.
Uniqueness of our CMZ
The absorption characteristics of our CMZ are what makes it a "marvellous mineral". Its porous honeycomb three-dimensional is mainly occupied by water and cation molecules. Inside their structure Zeolites can gain and lose water reversibly. It can exchange cations the most important being ammonium ion, and they do this without change to its physical structure. Heavy metal ions are effectively not exchangeable and are bound such as lead (Pb), mercury (Hg) and cadmium (Cd).
The CMZ deposit is of carboniferous age and dates to 300-330 million years old and is one of the oldest commercial deposits in the world.
Our CMZ was formed when volcanic ash fell or washed into a semi saline lake or body of water and was compressed overtime, this process is known as Zeolitization. Variables such as temperature, geographic location, water to ash ratio, salt content of the water, contribute to our deposit’s unique composition, and therefore not all Zeolites are created equal or the same.
Our CMZ are very hard and are rated greater than 5 on the Mho's scale for hardness. Other deposits especially in Europe are much younger and softer. Having harder Zeolites is beneficial for applications in water and air filtration plus in soil applications or when you do not want the CMZ to breakdown.
We extract CMZ by drilling and blasting the seam CMZ is then excavated and trucked from the quarry to the processing plant where it is custom dry processed into smaller particles sizes for different uses.
- Very hard deposit (Mho's index >5)
- Lighter than sand
- Binds heat for plants in winter
- Cools plants with watering in summer
- Uniform product with consistent density
- Forms sol (single phase) with finest particulates (ANZ19)
- Very hydrophilic
- Doesn’t bind much water
- Slow release of water
- Environmentally safe
- Very high crystallinity
- High content of Clinoptilolite and Mordenite
- High CEC (Cation Exchange Capacity)
- Blocky irregular shapes, great for filtration or use in soil or potting mixes
- Does not break down
- Easier to backwash
- Greater growth
- Reduced liklehood of dehydration and wilting
- No wet patches in media
- Shares water evenly
- Attracts water
- Doesn't fluidise media
- Maintains moisture in soil which is available to plants
- As above
- No muddying of media
- High concentration of zeolites
- High binding capacity for cations including ammonium ions
- High AFP (Air Filled Porosity) for oxygenation of plant roots
CMZ minerals possesses attractive absorption, cation-exchange, dehydration - rehydration and catalysis properties. Our CMZ products do many and different things, the following applications and uses are known to us.
- Stockfeeds and supplements including lick blocks
- Water filtration and or treatment including fracking liquids and aquaculture
- Air filtration and or treatment
- Flocking aid in the pre treatment of water before filtration
- Remediation of soils including after nuclear accidents
- Soil conditioners including treatment for sodic soils
- Broad scale agriculture
- Potting mixes
- Separation of gases and volatiles
- Cement and aggregate production
- Heating and cooling in commercial and industrial applications
- Assisting in malodour control
- Domestic cleaning and malodour reducing products
- Spill products including cleanup of fluids
- Pet litter ingredient
- Infill for artificial grass
- Beauty products
- Solid for liquid delivery systems